Gold News

Oil Crash Sees Gold Buying Paused by No.1 Central Bank, Price Slips as Stock Markets Fall

BUY GOLD prices retreated to 1-week lows in London trade Wednesday, slipping as the 21st Century's No.1 central-bank buyer put new purchases on hold, while world stock markets fell hard amid the worsening hit to industrial activity and commodity prices from the coronavirus pandemic and lockdowns.
Prices to buy gold with the US Dollar touched $1570 per ounce overnight, before rallying $15 but remaining 7% below last month's new 7-year high.
The Russian Ruble meantime fell to 5-year lows on the currency market, down by one-third from the start of 2020 as the price of oil – Russia's major productive industry and export – sank to new 19-year lows near $20 per barrel.
To try and stem the Ruble's slump, the Bank of Russia began selling foreign currency from its reserves in early March.
"Effective from 1 April 2020," Moscow then said yesterday, "[the CBR] suspends purchases of gold in the domestic bullion market. Moving forward, subsequent decisions on gold purchases will be made subject to financial market developments."
Over the last 10 years Moscow has accounted for more than 38% of the world's central-bank gold buying.
"The theory of market efficiency tells me that the fading gold price today is affected by the loss of one of its best long-term clients," says one London bullion desk in a note to clients.
"Sentiment wasn't helped by news that Russia's central bank, one of the biggest buyers of gold, would stop purchasing the precious metal on Wednesday," agrees a trading note from Australasia's ANZ Bank.
"Dislocations in the physical market also suggests [Moscow] may be ready to help alleviate the tightness" by selling some of its massive stockpile.
Chart of Russian gold-mine output and central-bank purchases. Source: BullionVault
Over the 5 years starting 2014, when international sanctions against Russia blocked much of its world No.3 mine output from reaching the global market, Moscow bought 80% of domestic production.
That also enabled Russia's central bank – itself blocked from acquiring foreign currency so easily for its reserves – to build its financial holdings by spending Rubles at home.
But Moscow had already begun to cut its gold purchases in 2019, demanding a discount from domestic miners after reaching No.5 in the world league table of national central-bank gold holders.
Russia's gold mining output rose 8% in 2019, according to data compiled for mining-backed World Gold Council by specialist analysts Metals Focus.
That rise was led by growth from new "greenfield" projects such as Natalka – discovered in 1942 but only mining at full capacity since late 2018 – owned and operated by London-listed Polyus (LON: PLZA).
"The Central Bank of Russia has been a dynamic participant in the gold market for years," says a London bullion market-making bank, "developing its local market and establishing strong ties with market-makers and the broader gold industry community.
"Whilst assisting in the development of the Russian gold market, it has [also] strengthened its financial position relentlessly by buying gold at whatever the price was, high or low, like clockwork."
Russia's repeated gold buying over the last decade helped take central-bank demand, net of sales, to half-century records in 2018 and 2019.


Adrian Ash

Adrian Ash, BullionVault Gold News

Adrian Ash is director of research at BullionVault, the world-leading physical gold, silver and platinum market for private investors online. Formerly head of editorial at London's top publisher of private-investment advice, he was City correspondent for The Daily Reckoning from 2003 to 2008, and he has now been researching and writing daily analysis of precious metals and the wider financial markets for over 20 years. A frequent guest on BBC radio and television, Adrian is regularly quoted by the Financial Times, MarketWatch and many other respected news outlets, and his views from inside the bullion market have been sought by the Economist magazine, CNBC, Bloomberg, Germany's Handelsblatt and FAZ, plus Italy's Il Sole 24 Ore.

See the full archive of Adrian Ash articles on GoldNews.

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