Gold News

The Five Major Risks for US Treasury Bonds

Why investors need to be very, very wary...

YOU HAVE probably by now notices the growing bubble in Treasury bonds, writes Martin Hutchinson, contributing editor to Money Morning

The yield on the 10-year Treasury bond fell below 2% for the first time in 50 years in the wake of the US credit rating downgrade. 

That's irrational, and more importantly, dangerous.

A Treasury bond bubble is a unique creature. In fact, it's never been seen before, so determining its fate requires some careful thought.

But what's absolutely certain is that US Treasuries are not a safe haven investment – far from it.

Treasury bonds carry five very dangerous risks – including negative yields, higher inflation, panic selling, an outright collapse, and default. 

So let's take a closer look at those risks before determining the best way to profit.

First, real yields on Treasuries, after accounting for inflation, are now negative. Not only are nominal Treasury yields below the current inflation rate, but 10-year Treasury Inflation Protected Securities (TIPS) have traded on a yield of less than zero. 

That is very unusual and economically distorting. Long-term bond yields in the zero-inflation 19th century never fell below 2.2%, which is to be expected. The guy who provides the money should get paid for doing so. However, any reversion to historical patterns would cause a major bond bear market. Ten-year Treasury yields would rise to the 5% to 6% range – even if inflation gets no faster – giving investors a 27% mark-to-market loss. 

Of course, inflation will accelerate.

The consumer price index (CPI) inflation is up 3.6% from last year. And it's likely to rise much further as a result of the Federal Reserve's loose monetary policies.

If inflation were to rise to 10%, which is perfectly plausible, bond yields would have to rise to 12% to 13%, giving investors a 59% mark-to-market loss as well as eroding the value of their principal. 

Yet there's an even greater threat than inflation, and that's the US budget deficit. The United States is currently running an annual $600 billion balance of payments deficit. That deficit is being financed through the sale of Treasuries to foreign buyers. 

Should foreign buyers cease buying, the Dollar would have to fall to equalize the payments balance, perhaps by 20%. As a Dollar investor, you might not mind this (though it would increase inflation). But foreign investors will hate it. The likely result would be the panicked selling of Treasuries, which would cause yields to rise sharply and prices to fall. 

Finally, there's the risk of an outright default. Short-term, that's an infinitesimal risk – but a risk nonetheless.

After all, Treasuries used to be thought of as "risk free." Now, following the S&P downgrade, they are considered "low risk." 

If the public repeatedly elects politicians who can't or won't take effective action to cut spending, particularly in the entitlements area, then debt eventually will spiral out of control and become impossible to repay. 

You're probably free from this risk in five-year Treasuries, but not in 30-year Treasuries. 

Theoretically, governments can't go bust in their own currency, since they can always print money. But that's nonsense. There comes a point at which you have to wheel the stuff around in barrows to buy groceries – as was the case in Germany in 1923. At that point, governments have to default – there's no alternative.

With such a broad collection of risks, Treasuries should be avoided like the plague. One or more of these five wealth-destroying events will almost certainly come to pass.

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Now a contributing editor to both the Money Map Report and Money Morning, the much-respected free daily advisory service, Martin Hutchinson is an investment banker with more than 25 years’ experience. A graduate of Cambridge and Harvard universities, he moved from working on Wall Street and in the City, as well as in Spain and South Korea, to helping the governments of Bulgaria, Croatia and Macedonia establish their Treasury bond markets in the late '90s. Business and Economics Editor at United Press International from 2000-4, and a BreakingViews editor since 2006, Hutchinson is also author of the closely-followed Bear's Lair column at the Prudent Bear website.

See full archive of Martin Hutchinson.

Please Note: All articles published here are to inform your thinking, not lead it. Only you can decide the best place for your money, and any decision you make will put your money at risk. Information or data included here may have already been overtaken by events – and must be verified elsewhere – should you choose to act on it. Please review our Terms & Conditions for accessing Gold News.

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