Sadly all the people still in charge...
In NOVEMBER 2008, the Queen opened a building at the London School of Economics, writes John Stepek at MoneyWeek magazine.
With a level of diplomacy that might be more closely associated with her husband, she asked one of the professors there why no one had seen the crisis coming.
Specifically, said Professor Luis Garicano, "The Queen asked me: 'If these things were so large, how come everyone missed them?'"
What's interesting is that this still seems to be the accepted narrative. In many of the "ten years on" pieces, we are still being told that nobody saw the financial crisis coming, that it was a bolt from the blue, and that there was no way of preparing for it. And also that the policy response was absolutely 100% the right one.
This, to put it bluntly, is just not true, and I think it's worth setting the record straight.
It's fair to say "no one saw the financial crisis coming", if by that you mean that no one specifically said "In September 2008, Lehman Brothers will go bust". But I don't think that's what Her Majesty meant when she asked the question.
The reality is that plenty of people (both inside and outside of the establishment) warned that something was up. They warned on specifics, and they warned about it well in advance of the credit crunch taking hold in 2007.
We warned on derivatives blowing up in late 2006 for instance, putting the threat on our front cover.
Bear in mind that MoneyWeek is staffed by journalists. I like to think that we're informed journalists, but nonetheless, none of us were actually involved in constructing these derivatives ourselves. For us to have known there was something up, someone else had to be flagging up these concerns.
And if you go further back, to take another example, Raghuram Rajan (who went on to become the head of India's central bank) warned very explicitly about the dangers of derivatives in August 2005. He stood up in a room full of central bankers and economic policymakers, and presented a paper entitled Has Financial Development Made the World Riskier?
Among other choice quotes from Rajan, there's this one:
"If banks face credit losses and there is uncertainty about where those losses are located, only the very few unimpeachable banks will receive the supply of liquidity fleeing other markets. If these banks also lose confidence in their liquidity-short brethren, the inter-bank market could freeze up, and one could well have a full-blown financial crisis."
That's about as close a description of exactly what happened in the run-up to 2008, as you'll find anywhere.
This matters. It has nothing to do with bragging rights. It's not about treating any of these people as "gurus". In fact, so many people "saw it coming", that it's simply not that big a deal to have expressed concerns ahead of 2007.
And even if you hadn't twigged there was something wrong by that point, it was really very obvious by summer 2007 – as another MoneyWeek cover, from about six weeks before the queues were forming outside Northern Rock, plainly showed.
The real problem is that the people who didn't see it coming – who failed to accept that anything at all was wrong, or to question the build-up of debt across the global economy – are still among the most influential voices today.
To say that this crisis came completely out of the blue fits their narrative, even although it's blatantly untrue. Whatever else 2008 showed us, it was that our understanding of the financial system is lacking. We need to make a serious effort to address that.
Instead, we're at risk of allowing the people and philosophies who aided and abetted the last crisis to continue running the show, and to argue that there was no alternative to the bailouts and a decade of quantitative easing, in what amounts to a massive backside-covering exercise.
That's why the correct answer to the Queen's question is: "Actually, lots of people saw it coming, but they didn't fit existing theories, so we ignored them. And we're still doing our best to ignore them".