Gold News

October Effect in September

Summer snooze over for stocks' worst month...

The CANINE days of August have cleared out, beach sand through the hourglass, says Brian Maher at The Daily Reckoning.

Many consider September a snoozing month of market peace before dreaded October.

They will remind you that the market's most violent cataclysms – the Panic of 1907, the Crash of 1929, "Black Monday" 1987 – all came barreling through in October.

October's reputation is so villainous, so felonious, it has even earned a title:

The "October effect".

But is it true? Has October truly earned its blackened reputation?

Today we haul the accused into the dock, interrogate its record...and pronounce verdict.

Already coming into September, US stocks saw a recent string of red numbers. Why? Look no further than the chairman of the Federal Reserve and his Jackson Hole grunts, says Commonwealth Financial's Brad McMillan:

"Markets were counting on limited rate increases and quick rate cuts. The speech was clear, however, that the increases will be larger, and the cuts more delayed, than anyone expected."

Thus August has been a month of two tales, argues Goldman Sachs' Chris Hussey:

"Investors developed an appetite for risk assets in the first half of the month on expectations of a potential peak in inflation and an eventual Fed pivot, followed by a steep reversal (and then some) as markets digested Fed Chair Powell's speech which reiterated the FOMC's commitment to bring down inflation and outlined that the FOMC will likely need to maintain 'a restrictive policy stance for some time'."

Gold – meantime – went backwards while 10-year Treasury yields went forward to the highest since June's middle days.

Yet to return to our central question: Is October the stock market's evil month?

History insists the answer

October's bankrupt reputation likely owes to a sour string of luck. And its conviction was based heavily upon hearsay evidence, upon circumstantial evidence.

Stephen Williamson, former vice President of the Federal Reserve's St. Louis district court:

"Stock market crashes have occurred sufficiently infrequently in history that there is not enough evidence on when they are more likely to occur."

The gentlemen and ladies of Yardeni Research further vindicate October of wrongdoing. The average S&P October return is not negative in the least, they inform us.

It is, in fact, a positive 0.4%. A slender gain, yes – yet a gain.

Meantime, Investopedia informs us that more bear markets ended in October than began in October.

Swoons in 1987, 1990, 2001 and 2002 swung around in the year's 10th month.

Thus the presiding judge unseals the jury's verdict...

"Not guilty," it reads. And so he dismisses all criminal charges against the guiltless month of October – with prejudice.

In conclusion: An innocent man has been pitched into infamy...and packed off to durance vile on a wrongful charge.

Let us then, in the highest spirit of justice, clear his blackened name.

Assume then that October is not the mighty fee-fo-fi-fum many believe it to be. Does another month take its place in the gallery of evil? Is there a month truly deserving of October's label?

The record argues that yes, another month is a menace greater than October. Which month?

That month is September – the month now underway.

"Since the Dow Jones Industrial Average was created in the late 1890s," financial columnist Mark Hulbert notes, "September has produced an average loss of 1.1%."

"The 11 other months of the calendar," adds Hulbert, "have produced an average gain of 0.8%."

Nor do one or two roguish and renegade Septembers explain it, says Hulbert:

"On the contrary, the month has an impressively consistent record at or near the bottom of the rankings."

September's ill luck covers both the Dow Jones and S&P...incidentally.

Yahoo Finance:

"According to LPL Financial, September has been the worst-performing month for markets, on average, since 1950. The S&P 500 has dropped about 1% on average that month since 1950, LPL Financial data shows. The only other month to notch a drop on average (and a minuscule one at that) going back to 1950 is August."

Meantime, Bank of America's Savita Subramanian has pieced together the S&P's median September return since 1928.

The facts confirm it. September is the great thief of investor money, not October.

Here is her evidence – the red-handed evidence – exculpatory of October and inculpatory of September:

Next to September, we must conclude, October is nearly a month of nectar, a month of honey.

And so today we correct a cruel and libelous wrong...

It is time to replace the "October effect" with the infinitely more deserving "September effect".

Thus we gird for heavy weather this month. Already the winds gather pace, the sky dims and the barometric pressure drops.

Formerly an independent researcher and writer, Brian Maher is managing editor of The Daily Reckoning, the contrarian investment email launched in 1999 and now read by over half-a-million people worldwide each day.

Please Note: All articles published here are to inform your thinking, not lead it. Only you can decide the best place for your money, and any decision you make will put your money at risk. Information or data included here may have already been overtaken by events – and must be verified elsewhere – should you choose to act on it. Please review our Terms & Conditions for accessing Gold News.

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