Gold News

The Real "Inflation-Adjusted" Gold Price

Contrary to popular belief, Gold Prices have in fact tracked the true inflation rate very closely...

The SUPPLY OF PAPER currencies is infinite; the supply of gold is finite. This striking contrast provides an excellent reason to exchange the former for the latter, writes Rob Marstrand, chief investment strategist for the Bonner & Partners Family Office, in Bill Bonner's Daily Reckoning email.

The gold supply is limited...very limited. According to one estimate, all the above-ground gold in the world totals between 120,000 and 140,000 metric tonnes. Let's split the difference and call it 130,000 metric tonnes (about 4.2 billion troy ounces). If you brought it all together and made it into a gigantic cube, it would measure about 19 meters along each side – about three meters short of the length of a tennis court.

Furthermore, about 20% to 25% of all the gold is stored in the world's central banks as country reserves. So the total amount of gold in private hands is enough for just 14 grams for each living person – that's less than half the quantity of a standard one-ounce coin like a US Gold Eagle or a South African Krugerrand Gold Coin.

At present, only about 2.25% of the world's total wealth – or 4.5% of world's financial wealth – is allocated to gold, including jewelry. But resurgent inflation could raise that percentage dramatically, while raising the Gold Price dramatically in the process.

To gain perspective, let's examine a brief history of the Gold Price relative to US inflation. The Gold Price peaked in January 1980 at $850 per ounce. But this peak was very brief. Gold jumped 29% alone in the run towards $660. Probably a better reference point for the market top is the average price during 1980 as a whole. This was $615/oz. Since then, the Gold Price has increased only 125%.

Over the same timespan, however, the government's most widely quoted inflation gauge, the Consumer Price Index (CPI), has increased 185%. Therefore, if the Gold Price had increased as much as the CPI, it would be selling for $1753/oz today, not $1390/oz. But the official inflation figures might not be the real story.

Using alternative inflation figures calculated by, consumer prices have soared an astounding 789% since 1980, which means that the inflation- adjusted Gold Price would be $5,467/oz.

Interestingly, if we look at the market bottoms for gold – 1970 and 2001 – instead of the market tops, the ShadowStats data seem to provide a much more accurate inflation gauge than the CPI. For example, in January 1970 – before gold's 10-year bull run – the price of gold was just $35/oz. Thirty-one years later – after soaring to more than $800 an ounce in 1980 – the big bear market in gold bottomed out at $256/oz. And the average price for 2001 was $271/oz.

Therefore, during this 31-year period – through gold's full bull and bear market cycle – the Gold Price advanced 674%. Over the same timeframe, the ShadowStats inflation measure advanced a nearly identical 688%. By contrast, the CPI increased only 370% during this period. In other words, the cumulative CPI readings from 1970 to 2001 failed to account for all the inflation indicated by the rising Gold Price. The ShadowStats figures, on the other hand, were pretty much bang on target.

I'm staying conservative, and there's nothing to suggest that just because using the ShadowStats inflation worked for the bear market lows it will work for the bull market highs. But if the ShadowStats figures above are a guide, then maybe they point to a price north of $5,000/oz for gold – or even $7,000 for a short time.

I've just thrown a lot of numbers at you. But the point is this: gold looks like it has plenty of upside. But let's be really clear about one thing. I'm not making a hard prediction or setting a price target here. These figures just provide reference points. We also need to watch out for gold "going mainstream" – when references make their way into TV programs, when taxi drivers start talking to you about gold and when your mother calls to ask how to buy an ounce of the stuff.

I can easily see gold getting into the $2000/oz to $3,000/oz range in the next few years – maybe higher. And there's a very real possibility that we'll have a short-term spike – a genuine investment bubble – that takes us into the $5,000/oz to $8,000/oz.

None of this is certain. And it most likely won't happen smoothly. There could even be big corrections along the way – like between December 1974 and August 1976 when gold fell 47% before powering ahead again. But I hope I've shown you that there are good reasons to think that gold still has plenty of room on the upside.

Conclusion: If you own plenty of gold already, then hang on for the ride. If not, Buy Gold on the dips.

Ready to Buy Gold today...?

New York Times best-selling finance author Bill Bonner founded The Agora, a worldwide community for private researchers and publishers, in 1979. Financial analysts within the group exposed and predicted some of the world's biggest shifts since, starting with the fall of the Soviet Union back in the late 1980s, to the collapse of the Dot Com (2000) and then mortgage finance (2008) bubbles, and the election of President Trump (2016). Sharing his personal thoughts and opinions each day from 1999 in the globally successful Daily Reckoning and then his Diary of a Rogue Economist, Bonner now makes his views and ideas available alongside analysis from a small hand-picked team of specialists through Bonner Private Research.

See full archive of Bill Bonner articles

Please Note: All articles published here are to inform your thinking, not lead it. Only you can decide the best place for your money, and any decision you make will put your money at risk. Information or data included here may have already been overtaken by events – and must be verified elsewhere – should you choose to act on it. Please review our Terms & Conditions for accessing Gold News.

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