"But it's not German-bred and -born. It was birthed by Darwin's cousin, Francis Galton."Then it was lovingly nurtured at Stanford University, Cold Spring Harbor and the Carnegie Institution."
"In Indiana, in 1907, way before the Nazis, eugenicist Harry Laughlin wrote model laws for sterilization of 'the inferior' and those 'misfit to reproduce,' Soon, 33 US states were making sure that thousands of people they considered 'socially inadequate,' plus those who were maintained 'wholly or partly by public expense,' had no kids."
"State governments could and did take control," Enriquez and Gullans go on, "of the bodies and reproductive organs of anyone they deemed 'feebleminded, insane, criminalistic, epileptic, inebriate, diseased, blind, deaf, deformed and dependent.' And for good measure, they also threw in 'orphans, ne'er-do-wells, tramps, the homeless and paupers.'"
"The Nazis thanked Laughlin with an honorary PhD for 'science of social cleansing' in 1936 and then celebrated his accomplishments by sterilizing 350,000 people."Despite all evidence of harm, many within the United States didn't learn from this history and they continued sterilizing the mentally handicapped through the 1970s. Until 1977, in South Carolina, social workers were officially deputized to decide whether a person should ever be permitted to have children. The last forced sterilization in the United States? Oregon, 1981. Because billions of people have been judged, oppressed or categorized as superior or inferior based on skin color, income, gender, national origin and so on, the default position taken by most geneticists is: We are all equal, period."
"I've had the unlikeliest of careers. I started out thinking that maybe I'd be an academic and teach at Harvard's Business School. I was on the right track when I received an invitation to Mexico and run the Urban Development Corp. in Mexico City. That was a spectacular job, because it was one of the biggest cities in the world, and I was in charge of figuring out how to transform that economy from a protectionist economy that's based on import substitution into a modern economy."So I built the most modern part of Mexico City: an entire tech city, the country's first fiber-optic wired space. It was the first large university expansion, hospital expansions, headquarters for most of the Latin American headquarters of large US companies and global companies. I built the National Zoo; I built the National Children's Museum, which is the most visited museum in the world; I built the most successful cultural center in Latin America for music and dance and theater and art, a little bit like Kennedy Center. I built public housing. It was just a fantastic job. The best part? It was a 'for profit' corporation. We made money. We paid taxes."
"You can build a lot of stuff in a short amount of time in a Mexico City...in a Singapore, Korea or Taiwan, Brazil...when there's a will, when there's a clear purpose, when there's transparency and honesty and when regulation is reasonable."
"What's common to a lot of entrepreneurs is they are fighting these incredible obstacles. Governments are coming after us...your own government...coming after its entrepreneurs. But what you also find that's common among all these folks is they think, 'Tomorrow's gonna be better. I can build something, and that something will be better for my kids.' And that's really the spirit of an entrepreneur. That's the spirit that builds a country."When you look at what's building the US economy and US jobs, about 0.02% of the US economy goes into venture-backed startups, but those startups are about 11% of US jobs and about 21% of total economic output, because that's where you get your Intels, your Hewlett-Packards, your eBays, your Teslas, all of these things that provide jobs."The flip side of that is there's a whole series of people that don't want any change because change has been terrifying. And because of these waves of change, there are folks that don't have the education, or they don't have the entrepreneurship, or they're in big corporations that are wiped out by entrepreneurs."That group tries to make sure that nothing changes, and when an entrepreneur shows up, the either buy the person out or they crush him or her. How do we get that balance right? Whether the entrepreneurs that are in your writings [and the companies we research] survive or don't survive is the difference between the US being a vibrant, growing economy that can get out from under the debt it's building up...or not."
"The first is, it's much harder for entrepreneurs to survive and thrive in societies without a clear rule of law. Some do, but it's a whole lot harder to do it. And, that's part of the reason why Silicon Valley, Hong Kong, Shanghai and a series of other places have become these hotbed areas. It doesn't have to be perfect. It doesn't have to necessarily be under the democratic model, but there has to be some stability in society."Second thing government and entrepreneurs absolutely have to do together is create or bring in an education system that gives people a chance if they're smart, or if they're hard working, or both. Government has to encourage people to become entrepreneurs, to work with entrepreneurs, to grow with entrepreneurs and to attract that best and the brightest into an area and a region."The third thing a government has to do is create a system of research, basic research, that no entrepreneur and no large business is going to fund today. The basic research in biology, the basic research in physics, the basic research in this, that and the other thing – those should absolutely be strengthened and supported, because that's the core of creating large, new businesses and industries.""What government should not be doing," Enriquez warns "is try to be a substitute for entrepreneurs. Government should not compete with entrepreneurs. Government should not impede entrepreneurs. It should not be spending more than it has. It should not be subsidizing stuff that has not worked. It should not be trying to keep alive economic corpses...because that is profoundly dangerous."A society that allows its government to usurp or impede entrepreneurs is one in which it is very hard to change and build the next great new thing."
"There are a bunch of ideas here," he said to himself at the time. "Let's go build some world-changing industries."