Gold News

Silver Open Interest Drops on Comex

Open interest in silver futures hits lowest level since May 2009...

WE HAVE been asked if we knew that "the (Comex) silver open interest is at the lowest it has been in many, many years,"or "has fallen below 100,000 contracts for the first time in many years," says the latest note from Gene Arensberg's GotGoldReport.

For the record, as of Tuesday, November 29, the COMEX silver open interest for the big 5,000 ounce contract was 98,959 contracts open following the roll to March – with a large number of non-commercial spread trades having been taken off (a spread trade is a simultaneous long and short trade of the same commodity meant to capture or arbitrage convergence or divergence of the difference between two different contract time periods – or to capture the contraction or widening of the basis)*.

As the chart just below shows, the COMEX open interest for silver is indeed at a low level, but not the lowest for "many, many years." The last time the COMEX silver open interest was this low or lower was in the May 26, 2009 COT report (98,120 contracts open then). For reference, the lowest silver open interest on the chart below occurred with the December 2, 2008 report, at 82,434 contracts open. 

To head off a question we know we may get, the lowest COMEX silver open interest in our records since 2000 was with the December 21, 2001 report, at 63,848 contracts open then. The highest? February 19, 2008 at a whopping 189,151 lots open then. 

Comex Open Interest for SI since June 2006

*Spread trades are considered low risk and thus the amount of performance bond (margin) required is miniscule compared to speculative or hedge trades. The reason is that there is very little volatility on spread trades. To explain why someone might want to employ a spread; if, for example, the trader believed that the contango/backwardation was going to widen or disappear between contracts with different delivery dates he/she could buy or sell one near delivery contract and offset that trade with the opposite trade on a contract that matures months or years later. If the contango/backwardation does what the trader expects he/she can earn the amount of the convergence or widening of the spread between them. 

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A land developer, professional numismatist, self-taught bullion trader and investor since 1980, Gene Arensberg analyzes technical and fundamental developments in the precious metals markets. In 2000 Gene started sharing his own market research with fellow traders and fund managers. Those email reports evolved into his popular Got Gold Report, a biweekly look at important indicators for gold and silver published on the web. Gene's more in-depth market reports, insights and trading ideas are available at GotGoldReport.

See the full archive of Gene Arensberg.

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