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Gold Prices Not Driven by Debt Dramas

Forget the debt theater in Washington – and the one in Europe. Asian buying lies behind rising gold prices...

IT IS easy for market commentators to say Gold Prices – and for the matter Silver Prices –are rising because of US political strife. They are not, says Julian Phillips of

While we agree that the underlying structural, political, and financial problems are driving up prices over time, the sudden drama is not. If it were the case then we would expect the Gold Prices and Silver Prices to dive once the debt ceiling is raised. 

We don't see that happening. A closer look at prices over the last couple of weeks shows that they have not risen in line with the shortening time limit and rising tension. Silver has largely ignored the crises on both sides of the Atlantic. Gold has moved within less than a 1% trading range – governed more by the Euro-Dollar exchange rate than by the buying and selling of silver.

In this fog of spin, smoke, and mirrors, it is important to know what really is driving Gold Prices and Silver Prices.

TV presenters are good at their job; they have to capture our interest to keep us coming back for more. They would like to think that they are the key source of information and they often are. But very often, selling the story overwhelms a balanced perspective. 

The same applies to politicians – they need to be seen as solving major crises and should keep their positions because of their ability to deliver their people from awful events. Over time they have learned just how to let a problem ferment until it is a crisis. If they solve the problem too early they could be guilty of interfering. So the art is to let it mature into a crisis just as we see lately on both sides of the Atlantic. 

There have been 74 such debt ceiling crises in the last 50 or so years, but this is one where Congress has a split power base, so the time has arrived for the parties to gain some kudos. The trouble is that the collateral damage is happening now, and the US continues to demonstrate its inability to govern, highlighting the weaknesses of democracy to the outside world. 

The crisis is real because politicians are playing games with the reputation of the country for party political reasons. The very fact that they are doing that makes it a serious crisis. The ability to pay or not to pay is not part of the crisis. 

Gold and Silver Prices have not climbed on the back of the Congressional drama. Before it caught our attention after the latest Greek episode, gold was at around $1,610. As we write this it stands at $1,617. So the Congressional crisis premium is around $7 or less than 1/2 %. 

If one looks at the shares of the gold Exchange Traded Funds in the last two weeks, we saw one day of buying in large quantities, likely from one large buyer. Indeed, speculative buying on COMEX has been large, but futures and options are financial derivatives of gold and not physical gold buying. Only around 5% of these volumes result in physical gold deliveries. The major demand shift has been to the Middle and Far East from where more than 60% of gold demand comes. 

It is fair to conclude that US investors have not been taking positions against a US debt default, so why should the market expect gold and Silver Prices to fall?

We are at the beginning of August, right at the end of the gold year. In the past this was the time gold stood at its lowest levels. Indian farmers were busy in their fields about to bring in their harvest. These people were responsible for 70% of Indian demand, the largest demand source in the world for gold. 

During the last decade the Indian sub-continent has urbanized to a growing degree, reducing the dependence of Indian demand on the agricultural sector of India. Likewise, the period of the year called the "Doldrums" has lost a good part of its significance to the Gold Price and gold seasons. 

While this was happening another non-seasonal, but growing influence was felt on the Gold Price –that of China's mushrooming middle classes. Central bank buying also contributes to at least limiting the downside corrections in the Gold Price.

These are considerable forces that make any speculative buying on the back of the US or Eurozone debt crisis pale into insignificance in today's precious metal markets.

In gold's usual quiet season, have we seen the Gold Price hit the low for the year? No, we have seen it reach record highs in all currencies. After the long shallow consolidation below $1,555, we have seen it break upwards to pierce the $1,600 level. 

We now move into the heaviest demand season for gold and are keenly aware that the supplies from mines are tight and unlikely to rise. Some scrap may come onto the market, but we do not expect this to nearly satisfy demand. 

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JULIAN PHILLIPS – one half of the highly respected team at – began his career in the financial markets back in 1970, when he left the British Army after serving as an Officer in the Light Infantry in Malaya, Mauritius, and Belfast.

First he worked in Timber Management and then joined the London Stock Exchange, qualifying as a member and specializing from the beginning in currencies, gold and the "Dollar Premium". On moving to South Africa, Julian was appointed a macro-economist for the Electricity Supply Commission – guiding currency decisions on the multi-billion foreign Loan Portfolio – before joining Chase Manhattan and the UK Merchant Bank, Hill Samuel, in Johannesburg.

There he specialized in gold, before moving to Capetown, where he established the Fund Management department of the Board of Executors. Julian returned to the "Gold World" over two years ago, contributing his exceptional experience and insights to Global Watch: The Gold Forecaster.

Legal Notice/Disclaimer: This document is not and should not be construed as an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to purchase or subscribe for any investment. Gold Forecaster/Julian D.W. Phillips have based this document on information obtained from sources they believe to be reliable but which it has not independently verified; they make no guarantee, representation or warranty and accepts no responsibility or liability as to its accuracy or completeness. Expressions of opinion are those of Gold Forecaster/Julian D.W. Phillips only and are subject to change without notice. They assume no warranty, liability or guarantee for the current relevance, correctness or completeness of any information provided within this report and will not be held liable for the consequence of reliance upon any opinion or statement contained herein or any omission. Furthermore, they assume no liability for any direct or indirect loss or damage or, in particular, for lost profit, which you may incur as a result of the use and existence of the information, provided within this report.

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